Meeting the Challenges of IACUC Oversight in Fish and Wildlife Research

These recording are intended to be an education tool for researchers, Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) members, and government officials that will lead to more meaningful and appropriate applications of animal welfare laws in the context of fish and wildlife research and, in turn, to improve care and use of wild animals in fish and wildlife research.
The conference was held on October 30 - November 1, 2017, in San Diego California and brought together representatives from research institutions that conduct fish and wildlife field research together with the agencies that fund or regulate such activities; and provided a unique opportunity for productive interaction and discussion of respective animal welfare oversight jurisdictions, regulations, and best practices. This conference was recommended for research institutions and their IACUCs wishing to more effectively facilitate and appropriately oversee fish and wildlife research, and advance our understanding of common animal welfare issues and best practices in fish and wildlife research.

These recordings are provided by a US Forest Service Grant.

February 2018
History Repeats Itself: The Shaping of Animal Welfare Guidance and Practices for Indoor and Outdoor Laboratories
Randall J. Nelson, PhD
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Lab Animals or Wildlife, the Driving Force is Always Animal Welfare
J.G. Collins, PhD
Nicolette Petervary, VMD, DACAW; USDA/APHIS/AC
Axel V. Wolff, MS, DVM; OLAW
Robert S. Sikes, PhD; AAALAC

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Covering Your Bases in Animal Acquisition (and Avoiding Fees for Legal Defense)
Robert S. Sikes, PhD
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Key Elements of an Effective IACUC that Reviews Wildlife Research
Ernest D. Prentice
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Shifting the Focus of Your IACUC From Laboratory Research to Research Using Free-Ranging Wildlife
J.G. Collins, PhD
Tracy A. Thompson, DVM
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Moderator: Christopher L. Parkinson, PhD
Tracy A. Thompson, DVM
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Everyone was given the same mock protocol involving a study of wild animals developed by the organizing committee. For this breakout, they should evaluate the mock protocol and determine the type of information the IACUC will need to make an informed decision about the proposed activities using their own checklist or protocol form.

Scenario for Day One
A faculty member submits a protocol application to capture, mark, and release collared lizards (Crotophytus collaris) as part of a student’s dissertation research regarding conservation of this species. The protocol notes that these lizards prefer exposed, rocky outcrops in the state and is listed in the state as a species of special concern because populations and known locations have been dwindling over the past 50 years. The proposal states that lizards will be captured by noosing, the animals marked with elastomer fibers, their snout-vent length and sex recorded, tissue and or blood will be taken and they will be released at the point of capture. The plan is to recapture animals in the three study sites over the next 2 years to record growth, distribution, and dispersal patterns among marked animals. Any unmarked animals captured will be marked, tissues taken and released. The project is funded by the state DNR, and the PI and student have scientific collecting permits issued by the state that include capture, and tissues be taken of this collared lizards. The student and PI both have extensive field experience working with reptiles, including lizards.
What are IACUC concerns relative to:
1)Occupational health
2)Animal acquisition (capture and handling)
3)Tissues and blood be taken for molecular work
4)Identification (marking) techniques
5)Types and numbers of animals that might be captured instead of the focal species
How would the concerns differ if the proposed work involved capture of golden mice (Ochrotomys nuttali) using live traps and marking via ear tags rather than lizards?How about capture of Ouachita madtoms (Noturus lachneri, a small ictalurid fish) via seines and marking by freeze branding?
All attendees reconvene from breakout sessions, one attendee from each breakout session will discuss topics for which the group feels they need additional information to evaluate the proposed activities. This exercise is intended as segue to the focal wildlife portion of the conference.

Role of Attending Veterinarian
B. Taylor Bennett, DVM, PhD, DACLAM, DACAW
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